Facts and figures about the earthquake, cholera, and development challenges in Haiti.
Almost 3.5 million people experienced strong-to-extreme shaking in the January 12 earthquake, including the entire population of Port-au-Prince (2.8 million people, equivalent to the City of Chicago).
The Haitian Government estimates that 222,570 people have died and 300,572 have been injured.
1.5 million children and young people under 18 were directly or indirectly affected by the quake; approximately 720,000 of them were aged between six and 12.
The Haitian Ministry of Education estimates that 4,992 schools were affected by the earthquake – 23 percent of all schools in Haiti.
Of these, 3,978—80 percent of the affected schools—were either damaged or destroyed and were therefore closed after the quake.
Sixty percent of the schools in the South and West departments were destroyed or damaged.
Total damages and losses caused by the January 12 earthquake were estimated at US $7.8 billion (US $4.3 billion in physical damage and US $3.5 in economic losses).
The damages and losses are equivalent to more than 120 percent of Haiti’s 2009 gross domestic product.
At the peak of displacement, around 2.3 million people, including 302,000 children, were out of their homes.
After the earthquake, 604,215 people left Port-au-Prince and the West Department. An estimated 160,000 persons moved from Port-au-Prince to the border area with the Dominican Republic.
The government estimated that 105,000 houses were completely destroyed and 188,383 houses collapsed or were badly damaged across all affected areas.
According to the Government of Haiti, 60 percent of government, administrative and economic infrastructure was destroyed, as well as parliament and judicial sector buildings, including the Palais de Justice and numerous courts.
UNFPA estimated that 750,000 women and girls of childbearing age were affected by the earthquake. Of these, approximately 63,000 were pregnant.
About 494,600 children under five and 197,840 pregnant and lactating women were affected by the earthquake.
An estimated 302,000 children were displaced to other departments, with an additional 720,000 affected children remaining in their home communities.
Forty percent of the population of Haiti is under 14 years of age; 50 percent of the population is under 18 years of age.
Haiti development statistics (pre-earthquake):
- 55 percent of Haitians live on less than $1.25 per day.
- Per capita annual income is $660.
- 58 percent of children are under-nourished.
- 58 percent of the population lacks access to clean water.
- Devastating hurricanes in 2008 affected 800,000 people.
- Deforestation has left the nation with less than two percent forest cover.